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Present Tense

singular | Plural ———|——- I do | We do You do | You do He does | She Does | They do It Does

Remember: The verb “need” requires an object or an infinitive after it:

  • I need some coffee. (The word “coffee” is an object.)
  • She need a ride. (The word “ride” is an object.)
  • we need to go home. (“To go” is an infinitive.)

Present Tense – negative

singular Plural
I dont’ need ___ We don’t need ___
You don’t need ___ You don’t need ___
He doesn’t need ___  
She doesn’t need ___ They dont’t need ___
It doesn’t need ___  

The verb “do” can be used to make a statement:

I do the laundry every weekend.

… but it is usually used to make the present tense or the past tense negative.

I don't have any money.

He didn't go to store yesterday.

It’s also used when making questions:

Do you what time it is ?

Does he have a coat ?


  • I wear glasses.
    • I don't see well without my glasses.
    • Do you wear glasses ?
  • You speak English.
    • You don't speak Chinese.
    • Do you speak Vietnamese?
  • He works on a computer at work.
    • He doesn't work outside.
    • Does he like his job ?
  • She rides a bike to work.
    • She doesn't have a car.
    • Does she wear a helmet ?
      • Yes, she does.
  • It looks ripe. (ripe = ready to eat.)
    • It doesn't grow in the winter in Minnesota.
    • Does it grow in the spring ?
      • Yes, It does.
  • We live in Minnesota.
    • We don't live in Canada.
    • Do we like Minnesota ?
      • Yes, we do . or …
      • Yes, we like Minnesota.
  • You play football.
    • You don't play tennis.
    • Do you play football all year long ?
      • NO, We don’t , We play in the fall.
  • They walk their dogs every day.
    • They don't take their cats for a walk.
    • Do they walk their dogs on a leash.
      • Yes, they do.

The verb “do” is a very important verb.

We use it to make the present tense, the present tense negative, and for asking questions.


I do many things on the weekend. (present tense, “do” is the main verb)

He doesn't like to go to the store. (present tense negative, “like” is the main verb)

Do you want to see a movie? (present tense question, “want” is the main verb)

“Do” is often used as a main verb, but only for particular activities, such as housework, cleaning, studying, research, and shopping.


I do the dishes every night. (do = wash)

She does her grocery shopping at Cub. (do = go/finish)

They do their homework at the library. (do = complete)

The past tense form of “do” is “did.”


I did the dishes last night.

She did her grocery shopping at Cub.

“Do” is also used for creating emphasis:


A: You don’t like this very much.

B: No. I do like it!

Reading Time : 阅读时间

Stan likes to ride his bike. He rides to and from work every day, and he rides his bike on the weekend for recreation and fun. Sometimes he rides on a bike path, but more often he rides in the street along with regular traffic.

Stan wears a helmet for safety, and he always signals his turns when riding in traffic. He stretches his left arm out straight when making a left turn, and he stretches his right arm out straight when making a right turn. State law in Minnesota requires that people on bikes ride on the right-hand side of the road. Also, according to state law, drivers of cars must give bicyclists at least three feet of space when passing.

How much do you remember from the reading ? Fill in the blanks.

  • 1A: What does Stan ride to work?
  • 1B: He _____ a bike. (骑行)
  • 2A: What _____ he wear to keep safe?
  • 2B: He wears a helmet.
  • 3A: Which arm does he use for a left turn?
  • 3B: He _____ his left arm.
  • 4A: On what side of the road do people ride their bikes?
  • 4B: They _____ on the right-hand side.
  • 5A: How much room must drivers give to people who ride bikes on the street?
  • 5B: They must give at least three __.

Answers : 1. rides; 2. does; 3. uses; 4. ride; 5. feet.