|I do not = I don’t||We do not = We don’t|
|You do not = You don’t||You do not = You don’t|
|He does not = He doesn’t|
|She Does not = She doesn’t||They do not = They don’t|
|It Does not = It doesn’t|
The verb “do” is a helping verb. Use “do” to make the present tense and the past tense negative. The verb “do” is also a main verb.
The video explains the difference between a helping verb and a main verb.
Examples in the present tense:
Examples in the past tense: The past tense form of “do” is “did”. Did + not = didn’t
Be careful: “Do” is also used as a main verb, but only for particular activities, such as housework, cleaning, studying, research, business, and shopping.
Examples in the past tense:
Separating the contraction creates emphasis
Never put do + not + ____ing
Avoid bad American grammar!
Complete these sentences with the correct form of the verb “do.”
___his homework at the library. (does)
___you like to play football? (Do)
___they live? (do)
___not want to eat that. (does)
___our laundry at the laundromat. (do)
___you do? (do)
___it take long to get there? (Does)
___he live near the school? (Does)
___not have any money. (do)
___not have their books today. (do)
Complete these sentences with the helping verb “do” and the main verb to make the negative:
Helping verb = do or does + not
Main verb = live, shop, eat, go, see, etc.
___in that house. (live) (doesn’t live)
___at that store any more. (shop) (don’t shop)
___long to get there on the bus. (take) (doesn’t take)
___any more coffee. (want) (don’t want)
___enough time to get to work. (have) (don’t have)
___any milk from the store. (need) (doesn’t need)
___dinner every night at home. (eat) (don’t eat)
___. (work) (doesn’t work)
___the newspaper in the morning. (read) (doesn’t read)
___shopping during the week. (go) (don’t go)
Donna and Bill had lunch together yesterday. They’re both in the same Spanish class, so after class was over, they went out to eat at a restaurant. Donna ordered a big plate of french fries and Bill ordered a hamburger. They shared a milkshake.
Bill helps Donna with her Spanish. He’s a very good student, and he learns new things very quickly. He likes helping Donna because she’s a very nice person, and he hopes to go out with her more often.
Donna needs to spend more time studying, but she works in the evenings and sometimes she doesn’t have enough time to study. She doesn’t always understand the teacher because the teacher speaks entirely in Spanish and sometimes he speaks too quickly.
How much do you remember from the reading ? Fill in the blanks.
___lunch together. (have)
___Donna order? (did)
___a milkshake. (shared)
___to spend more time studying. (needs)