Many is used with count nouns:
many apples are there?
A: There are
many apples in this picture.
many chairs are there?
A: There are
many bees are there?
A: Hundreds. Maybe
many apples are there in this picture?
A: There is only
many men are there in this picture?
aren't any. There is
only one woman.
Much is used with noncount nouns:
much fruit is there?
a lot of fruit.
much water is in the glass?
A: It’s almost full. There’s
a lot of water in the glass.
much traffic is there this morning?
a lot of traffic. The cars aren’t moving very fast.
much fishing does he do?
A: He does
a lot of fishing on the weekend.
much beer is there in his glass?
isn't any. It’s all gone.
Now, watch this video: https://www.youtube.com/embed/Rnt59RLarH4?rel=0
|Count Nouns Singular||Count Nouns Plural||Noncount Nouns
(Don’t use in plural form)
|(Only use an article with these: a or the)||(These plural count nouns use “many”)||(These use “much”)|
It’s important to understand the difference between noncount and count nouns when using many and much.
Noncount nouns are often used to describe large categories while count nouns are usually more specific.
Answer: There are a few cars in the street (plural count noun)
Noncount nouns always use a singular verb.
Count nouns are singular or plural.
Much and Many are usually used with the negative:
aren't many studentsin the classroom. (perhaps 4 or 5 students)
isn't much foodin the refrigerator. ( a small amount of food)
Any + not, never, or without expresses zero:
aren't any studentsin the classroom (zero)
isn't any foodin the refrigerator. It’s empty.
without any shoes. (There are no shoes on his feet.)
neverwant to eat
any vegetablesor drink
Much and Many are usually not used in the affirmative:
Exercise 1: Asking Questions with much, many, or any
Exercise 2: Negative + much, many, or any.
gas tankis empty. I don’t have any gas. (zero)
homelesspeople don’t have any money. They’re very poor. (zero)
Red Level Quiz #8 - Much & Many
Directions: Fill in the blank with “much” or “many.” (20 points)
Directions: Write questions using “much” or “many.” (5 points)
Skyscrapers are very tall buildings.
They are found in many large, American cities.
Skyscrapers in New York City and Chicago reach more than a 1000 feet into the sky (304.8 meters),
which is about the length of three football fields.
These huge structures are appropriately named “skyscrapers” because they are so tall that they seem to touch,
or “scrape” the sky and the clouds.
On a clear day, you can see a skyscraper from several miles away.
Early skyscrapers were built with iron, steel, and masonry;
modern skyscrapers are built with steel, concrete, and a lot of glass.
Skyscraper construction is popular in large cities nowadays because land is very valuable.
The only direction for the development of a large building in a busy downtown is up.
Skyscrapers help define a city’s skyline,
and they help preserve land for parks and public plazas.
The Empire State Building (right photo) in New York has more than 100 floors. It’s a very famous building. Tourists enjoy going to the observation deck near the top of the building. From there, they have a good view of the city. The Empire State Building was the tallest building in the city until the construction of the World Trade Center buildings in the 1970s.
The tallest skyscraper in the United States is the Sears Tower (renamed the Willis Tower in 2009) in Chicago, Illinois. The tallest skyscraper in the world is in Dubai (the Burj Khalifa). It stands at 2,717 feet (828 meters), which is about the length of eight-and-a-half football fields. Other famous skyscrapers are Tapei 101 in Taipai, Taiwan, Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, and the Jin Mao Tower in Shanghai, China.
How much do you remember from the reading ? Fill in the blanks.
1: The Empire State Building is in New York.
2: Skyscraper construction in big cities is popular because land is so valuable.
3A: How many floors does the Empire State Building have?
3B: It has 102 floors.
4: From an observation deck near the top of a skyscraper, you have a good view of the city.
5: Skyscrapers have to define a city’s skyline.