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Many and Much

Many is used with count nouns:

Q: How many apples are there?

A: There are many apples in this picture.

Q: How many chairs are there?

A: There are two chairs.

Q: How many bees are there?

A: Hundreds. Maybe thousands!

Q: How many apples are there in this picture?

A: There is only one apple.

Q: How many men are there in this picture?

A: There aren't any. There is only one woman.

Much is used with noncount nouns:

Q: How much fruit is there?

A: There’s a lot of fruit.

Q: How much water is in the glass?

A: It’s almost full. There’s a lot of water in the glass.

Q: How much traffic is there this morning?

A: There’s a lot of traffic. The cars aren’t moving very fast.

Q: How much fishing does he do?

A: He does a lot of fishing on the weekend.

Q: How much beer is there in his glass?

A: There isn't any. It’s all gone.

Now, watch this video: https://www.youtube.com/embed/Rnt59RLarH4?rel=0

Count Nouns Singular Count Nouns Plural Noncount Nouns
(Don’t use in plural form)
car cars traffic
apple apples fruit
machine machines machinery
fact facts information
chair chairs furniture
dollar dollars money
minute minutes time
(Only use an article with these: a or the) (These plural count nouns use “many”) (These use “much”)

It’s important to understand the difference between noncount and count nouns when using many and much.

Noncount nouns are often used to describe large categories while count nouns are usually more specific.

Examples:

  • There is a car in the street. (singular count noun)
  • Question: How many cars are in the street?
  • Answer: There are a few cars in the street (plural count noun)

  • Question: How much traffic is there?
  • Answer: There is a lot of traffic. (noncount noun)

Noncount nouns always use a singular verb.

Count nouns are singular or plural.

Much and Many are usually used with the negative:

Examples:

  • There aren't many students in the classroom. (perhaps 4 or 5 students)
  • There isn't much food in the refrigerator. ( a small amount of food)

Any + not, never, or without expresses zero:

Examples:

  • There aren't any students in the classroom (zero)
  • There isn't any food in the refrigerator. It’s empty.
  • He went outside without any shoes. (There are no shoes on his feet.)
  • They never want to eat any vegetables or drink any milk.

Much and Many are usually not used in the affirmative:

Examples:

  • There are many apples in the basket. It sounds better to say…
  • There are a lot of apples in the basket.
  • There is much milk in the refrigerator. It sounds better to say…
  • There is a lot of milk in the refrigerator.

Practice:

Exercise 1: Asking Questions with much, many, or any

  • How many apples are there on the table?
  • How much water is in the glass?
  • Do you know how many people are going to be at the party?
  • How many students came to class yesterday?
  • How much traffic was there on the highway?
  • Does he know how much money he needs to go to college?
  • Are there any customers in the store?
  • How much rice did you make?
  • Do you know how much it costs to take the bus?
  • Is there any room on the bus for me to sit down?

Exercise 2: Negative + much, many, or any.

  • There aren’t many students in class today. (small amount)
  • There isn’t much water in this glass. (small amount)
  • There aren’t any apples in the basket. (zero)
  • She doesn’t have very many friends. (small amount)
  • My gas tank is empty. I don’t have any gas. (zero)
  • Those homeless people don’t have any money. They’re very poor. (zero)
  • I didn’t know many people at the party . I talked to just a few of my friends. (small amount)
  • There isn’t much snow this January in Minnesota. There are only a few inches. (small amount)
  • The computer never makes any mistakes, but people who use computers frequently do. (zero)
  • There wasn’t much business today at the restaurant, so I left early. (small amount)

Red Level Quiz #8 - Much & Many

Part A.

Directions: Fill in the blank with “much” or “many.” (20 points)

  • He doesn’t have much time today.
  • How many apples are there in the basket?
  • I didn’t see many cars on the highway this morning.
  • How much money do you have?
  • There isn’t much milk in the refrigerator.
  • There were many Spanish-speaking people at the party.
  • Do you know how many people there are in the world?
  • We didn’t send many Christmas cards to our friends this year.
  • Did you see how much food there was in that store?!
  • How much information can you find on the internet?
  • How many chairs do we need for the classroom?
  • She doesn’t need very much time to finish her work.
  • There were too many bees at the park, so we left.
  • There is too much pollution in the world.
  • I couldn’t find very much rice at the store today.
  • How much help do you need?
  • There were many butterflies outside.
  • She doesn’t have many teeth left in her mouth.
  • We saw many police officers outside of our house.
  • How much coffee do you drink every day?

Part B.

Directions: Write questions using “much” or “many.” (5 points)

  • How many oranges are there?
  • How much time do you need?
  • How much money do you have?
  • How many students are there?
  • How much water in this glass?

Reading Time : Skyscrapers are very tall buildings.

Skyscrapers are very tall buildings. They are found in many large, American cities. Skyscrapers in New York City and Chicago reach more than a 1000 feet into the sky (304.8 meters), which is about the length of three football fields. These huge structures are appropriately named “skyscrapers” because they are so tall that they seem to touch, or “scrape” the sky and the clouds. On a clear day, you can see a skyscraper from several miles away.

Early skyscrapers were built with iron, steel, and masonry; modern skyscrapers are built with steel, concrete, and a lot of glass. Skyscraper construction is popular in large cities nowadays because land is very valuable. The only direction for the development of a large building in a busy downtown is up. Skyscrapers help define a city’s skyline, and they help preserve land for parks and public plazas.

The Empire State Building (right photo) in New York has more than 100 floors. It’s a very famous building. Tourists enjoy going to the observation deck near the top of the building. From there, they have a good view of the city. The Empire State Building was the tallest building in the city until the construction of the World Trade Center buildings in the 1970s.

The tallest skyscraper in the United States is the Sears Tower (renamed the Willis Tower in 2009) in Chicago, Illinois. The tallest skyscraper in the world is in Dubai (the Burj Khalifa). It stands at 2,717 feet (828 meters), which is about the length of eight-and-a-half football fields. Other famous skyscrapers are Tapei 101 in Taipai, Taiwan, Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, and the Jin Mao Tower in Shanghai, China.

How much do you remember from the reading ? Fill in the blanks.

1: The Empire State Building is in New York.

2: Skyscraper construction in big cities is popular because land is so valuable.

3A: How many floors does the Empire State Building have?

3B: It has 102 floors.

4: From an observation deck near the top of a skyscraper, you have a good view of the city.

5: Skyscrapers have to define a city’s skyline.